Knowledge of global air traffic patterns can be used to better prepare for infectious disease epidemics before they occur. In 2009, Bio.Diaspora produced a report for the Public Health Agency of Canada focusing on the risks of imported infectious disease threats into Canada. Cities and countries can also integrate knowledge of globally inbound air traffic with global infectious disease surveillance to help risk stratify infectious disease events being reported in the world. This approach has been used to anticipate risks of infectious disease threats during mass gatherings such as the Olympic Games, FIFA World Cup, and the annual Hajj pilgrimmage in Saudi Arabia.
Through in-depth analysis of the continuously evolving architecture of the global airline transportation network and the origins, travel routes, and destinations of more than two billion passengers who pass through it each year, Bio.Diaspora is being used to predict how emerging infectious disease threats will spread around the world.
The ability of Bio.Diaspora to predict the spread of infectious disease threats was validated during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic and published in the New England Journal of Medicine. More recently, Bio.Diaspora has been involved in risk assessments related to a number of different epidemic and non-epidemic events in the world, including the 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti and the 2011 Fukushima nuclear event.